Declaration of cash

If you enter or leave the European Union and you are carrying 10 000 euros or more in cash, you have to declare it to customs.

A cash declaration must be submitted if you are carrying at least 10 000 euros or an equivalent in another currency or bearer-negotiable instrument when travelling to or from the EU.

The following is considered as cash:

  • banknotes and coins in any currency, including currencies not in circulation;
  • bearer-negotiable instruments such as travellers’ cheques, promissory notes, money orders without name;
  • coins with a gold content of not less than 90%;
  • gold in nuggets or clumps with a gold content of not less than 99,5%.

Customs authorities may require the submission of a cash disclosure declaration, where cash of 10 000 euros or more is found to be sent by post, cargo or courier (cash moving unaccompanied). On request, the recipient, the sender or their appointed representative must submit the declaration within 30 days.

Under the new regulation, customs authorities have the right to carry out checks if the amount is less than 10 000 euros, but there is information that the cash is related to criminal activity.

The simplest way is to declare cash in the online services environment of the Estonian Tax and Customs Board e-MTA.

To submit a cash declaration:

  1. log into the e-MTA
  2. from the menu, select Customs – Simplified declarations – Cash declaration
  3. on the customer desktop that opens, press the green button New declaration

You can submit an electronic declaration up to three days before crossing the border. Once you have submitted the declaration, choose the red lane to pass through the customs office at the border and inform the customs official of lodging the declaration.

If you do not have access to the e-MTA, you can submit a cash declaration on the webpage Cash declaration / disclosure.

The cash declaration database

The cash declaration database is a sub-register of the register of taxable persons. The data in the register of taxable persons is subject to tax secrecy, disclosure of the data to third parties is permitted only on the bases provided for in sections 28–30 of the Taxation Act. We keep the data for 5 years.

You can at any time request information about the processing of your personal data by e-mail to emta@emta.ee or via the e-services environment e-MTA.

State and administrative supervision over the processing of personal data is carried out by the Data Protection Inspectorate, info@aki.ee.

Last updated: 29.07.2021

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