The reverse charge is widely imposed on taxable transaction, which means that whenever the place of supply is Estonia and the receiver of the goods or services is a taxable person with an Estonian VAT number, no obligation for registration arises for the non-resident supplier. If the purchaser is not a VAT liable in Estonia, registration obligation arises for the provider of goods or services. The registration obligation shall arise for the foreign taxable person as of the date on which the taxable supply is created. However, if zero-rated supplies are made in a free zone, free warehouse or in a customs warehouse, the person making the supplies is exempted from registration.
If a taxable person of another Member State is engaged in distance selling to a person of Estonia (excluding distance selling of excise goods) and the taxable value of the supply of the distance selling exceeds 35 000 euros as calculated from the beginning of a calendar year, the registration obligation shall arise for the person as of the date on which the supply reaches the specified amount.
If a taxable person of another Member State is engaged in the distance selling of excise goods to a natural person of Estonia for personal use, the registration obligation shall arise for the taxable person as of the date on which the supply of the distance selling of excise goods is created.
In order to register as a VAT liable, an application for registration is submitted to the Estonian Tax and Customs Board.
Upon registration, it is required to attend the procedure in person, i.e. the person seeking for registration cannot e-mail or send the registration form by post or fax. However, it is possible to use either an authorised person or a tax representative for the procedure. The tax authority shall register a person as a taxable person by entering the data concerning the person in the register of taxable persons as on the date on which the registration obligation arose, within five working days as of the receipt of the application. Upon registration, we shall issue one VAT identification number for all purposes and for all taxable persons. The structure of the number is always EE and 9 digits (e.g. EE012345678).